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2019年5月生物质能课题组报告会
2019年5月生物质能课题组报告会
作者:报道稿: 刘红艳; 照相:赵振兴 浏览次数:399 日期:2019-06-18 17:21:37
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会议时间:2019年6月2日(星期日)下午13:30~18:00
会议地点:云南师范大学(呈贡校区)能源与环境科学学院318室
参会人员:生物质能课题组老师、博士研究生、硕士研究生、老挝留学生
会议分为两个阶段:
第一阶段主持人:郑展耀
报告人:樊丽霞硕士、美化博士(老挝)、刘健峰博士
首先,樊丽霞硕士报告的题目是《畜禽养殖废弃物治理路径及管理模式分析》,该报告从我国对畜禽粪便治理的政策导向、治理路径、管理模式以及总结的建议进行汇报。随后大家就其报告进行相关讨论,老师们提出应系统的比较畜禽粪便不同处理方式的优劣,具体从成本、效率、运行状况、环境问题进行比较。畜禽粪便的处理模式应与实际工程相结合,重点总结我国农村面源污染问题。

樊丽霞硕士作报告
美化博士对《樟树叶厌氧发酵产沼气特性研究》作报告;该试验探究不同添加量的樟树叶沼气发酵试验研究,主要从背景、试验方法、结果与分析以及总结四个方面展开了介绍。大家进行了激烈的讨论,老师从PPT格式、试验的操作问题以及后续试验安排等方面进行建议。

美化博士(老挝)作报告
刘健峰博士报告的题目是《氮素迁移转化规律》,该报告从绪论、氮转化过程、微生物构成的氮化合物的转化、豆腐废水实验氮素关系、不同生态系统的氮转换网络、厌氧消化体系下氮素代谢流的探究等六个方面进行介绍。参会人员对其报告内容作了深入讨论,张无敌研究员向大家讲述氮素在厌氧消化中的转化路径以及存在形式,并对其后续试验安排提出建议。

刘健峰博士作报告
第二阶段主持人:李浇林
报告人:王昌梅博士、赵兴玲博士
由王昌梅博士开始第二阶段的报告,报告围绕《谷氨酸离子液体的合成及催化制备生物柴油的研究》展开,分别从生物柴油简介、常用催化剂、氨基酸离子液体研究现状、相应的研究内容与技术路线以及研究进度等方面进行汇报。讨论过程中,大家指出为什么选择谷氨酸合成离子液体、甲醇和乙醇制备生物柴油的效率比较、离子液体催化制备生物柴油后的催化剂回收方式以及酸碱催化制备生物柴油等问题。

王昌梅博士作报告
赵兴玲博士报告的题目是《关于水热法预处理木质纤维素生物质对沼气发酵影响的思考》,该报告分析了水热法预处理玉米秸秆的产物,以及总结相关文献,得出沼气发酵中水热法水解产物的代谢情况,最后通过所做的相关实验得出经过水热法预处理后玉米秸秆沼气发酵过程中的问题及自己的思考。尹芳教授指出水热液化是降解生物质纤维素的一个较好方法;张无敌研究员指出应探究水热液化预处理对厌氧消化有无影响等问题。

赵兴玲博士作报告
最后,张无敌研究员对课题组和毕业生的相关事宜进行了安排。

Biomass Energy Group Seminar in May 2019
Meeting time: 2nd, Jun, 2019(Thursday) P.M.13:30 to 18:00
Venue: Room 318, School of Energy and Environment Science, Yunnan Normal University.
Participants: Teachers, master degree candidate, doctoral degree candidate and Lao foreign students attended the meeting.
The seminar was divided into two parts:
The first part: 
Moderator: Mr. Zheng Zhanyao;Speaker: Master Fan Lixia, Dr. Meihua(Laos), Dr. Liu Jianfeng
First of all, the topic of Fan Lixia's master's report is “Analysis of the Path and Management Model of Livestock and Poultry Waste Management”. The report from China's policy orientation, governance path, management model and summary recommendations for livestock manure management. Later, everyone discussed the report. The teachers proposed that the quality of the different treatment methods of livestock and poultry should be systematically compared, and the costs, efficiency, operating conditions and environmental issues should be compared. The treatment mode of livestock manure should be combined with the actual project, focusing on the issue of rural non-point source pollution.
Dr. Meihua gave a report on the study on the characteristics of biogas production by anaerobic fermentation of eucalyptus leaves. This experiment explored the experimental research on the biogas fermentation of eucalyptus leaves with different additions, mainly from four aspects: background, test methods, results, analysis and summary. Everyone had a heated discussion, and the teacher made recommendations from the PPT format, the operational problems of the trial, and the follow-up trial arrangements.
Dr. Liu Jianfeng’s report titled “The Law of Nitrogen Migration and Transformation”, the report from the introduction, the process of nitrogen transformation, the conversion of nitrogen compounds, the relationship between nitrogen in bean curd wastewater, the nitrogen conversion network of different ecosystems, and the anaerobic digestion system. Six aspects of the exploration of nitrogen metabolism flow are introduced. Participants discussed the content of the report in depth. Zhang Wudi researchers told everyone about the transformation path and form of nitrogen in anaerobic digestion, and provided suggestions for its subsequent trial arrangements.
The second part: 
Moderator: Mr. Li Jiaolin Speaker: Dr. Wang Changmei, Dr. Zhao Xingling
The second phase of the report was initiated by Dr. Wang Changmei. The report focused on the synthesis of glutamic acid ionic liquids and the catalytic preparation of biodiesel. The research status of biodiesel, common catalysts, amino acid ionic liquids, and corresponding research contents and Report on technical routes and research progress. During the discussion, we pointed out the reasons why the glutamate synthesis ionic liquid, methanol and ethanol were used to prepare biodiesel, the ionic liquid catalytic preparation of biodiesel after catalyst recovery and the acid-base catalysis to prepare biodiesel.
Dr. Zhao Xingling’s report titled “Considerations on the Effect of Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass on Biogas Fermentation”, this report analyzes the products of hydrothermal pretreatment of corn stover, and summarizes relevant literatures, and concludes that biogas fermentation The metabolism of hydrothermal products in hydrothermal process, and finally through the relevant experiments, the problems in the process of corn straw biogas fermentation after hydrothermal pretreatment and their own thinking. Professor Yin Fang pointed out that hydrothermal liquefaction is a better method to degrade biomass cellulose; Zhang Wudi researchers pointed out that it should be explored whether hydrothermal liquefaction pretreatment has any effect on anaerobic digestion.
Finally, Zhang Wudi Researcher arranged the relevant issues of the research team and graduates.

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